By Russell R. Chianelli
In the Energy Quarterly section of MRS Bulletin, Angela Saini reported on China’s plan to develop a huge nuclear industrial base.1 This plan includes the construction of at least 40 new plants over the next 10 years. Construction of these plants requires advanced materials for nuclear plants. These materials include stainless steel for reactor feed water, Ni superalloys for steam generator tubes, low–alloy steel for reactor vessels, and Zr cladding materials. Currently, China imports all of these materials, but plans call for developing their nuclear materials industry internally. These plans also include advanced materials research for better nuclear reactors and eventually fusion reactors.
- A. Saini, Q. Feng, “China’s nuclear resolve,” Energy Quarterly, MRS Bulletin, 37 (6), 554 (2012).